Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Every country (except for some island nations) borders another country, but that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean every border is the same. From large lakes to a shared collection of islands, national borders are more than just lines on a map. 1. Angle Inlet In far southeastern Manitoba, Canada, lies an inlet of the Lake of the Woods that is part of the United States. Also known as the Northwest Angle, this exclave of the United States, considered part of Minnesota, can only be reached from Minnesota by traveling over the Lake of Woods or by traveling through Manitoba or Ontario. 2. Azerbaijan-Armenia Between the Azerbaijan and Armenia border, there are a combined total of four exclaves or islands of territory that lie in the opposite country. The largest exclave is Azerbaijans Naxcivan exclave, a not insignificant piece of territory located within Armenia. Three tiny exclaves also existÃ¢â¬âtwo additional Azerbaijan exclaves in northeastern Armenia and one Armenian exclave in northwestern Azerbaijan.Ã 3. United Arab Emirates-Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates-Oman The boundary between the United Arab Emirates and its two neighboring countries, Oman and Saudi Arabia is not clear. The boundary with Saudi Arabia, defined in the 1970s, has not been publicly announced, so cartographers and officials draw the line at their best estimate. The border with Oman is not defined. Nonetheless, these boundaries lie within a fairly inhospitable desert, so boundary demarcation is not an urgent issue at this time. 4. China-Pakistan-India (Kashmir) The Kashmir region where India, Pakistan, and China meet in the Karakoram Range is incredibly complex. This map illuminates some of the confusion. 5. Namibias Caprivi Strip Northeastern Namibia has a panhandle that extends far east several hundred miles and separating Botswana from Zambia. The Caprivi Strip provides Namibia access to the Zambezi River near the Victoria Falls. The Caprivi Strip is named for German Chancellor Leo von Caprivi, who made the panhandle part of German South-West Africa to provide Germany access to Africas eastern coast. 6. India-Bangladesh-Nepal Less than twenty miles (30 kilometers) separate Bangladesh from Nepal, squeezing India so that far eastern India is almost an exclave. Of course, prior to 1947, Bangladesh was part of British India and thus this border situation did not exist until the independence of IndiaÃ and Pakistan (Bangladesh was initially part of independent Pakistan). 7. Bolivia In 1825, Bolivia gained independence and its territory included the Atacama and thus access to the Pacific Ocean. However, in its war with Peru against Chile in War of the Pacific (1879-83), Bolivia lost its ocean access and became a landlocked country. 8. Alaska-Canada Southeastern Alaska contains a peninsula of rocky and icy islands, known as the Alexander Archipelago, that cuts Canadas Yukon Territory as well as northern British Columbia off from the Pacific Ocean. This territory is Alaskan, and thus part of the United States.Ã 9. Territorial Claims on Antarctica Seven countries claim pie-shaped wedges of Antarctica. While no nation can modify its territorial claim nor can any nation act upon such a claim, these straight boundaries that typically lead from 60 degrees south to the South Pole divide up the continent, overlapping in some instances but also leaving significant segments of the continent unclaimed (and unclaimable, according to the principles of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959). This detailed map shows the boundaries of the competing claims. 10. The Gambia The Gambia lies entirely within Senegal. The river-shaped country was started when British merchants obtained the trading rights along the river. From those rights, The Gambia eventually became a colony and then an independent country.
As children we are taught to love and accept other, however, this is not always the case. More often than not we never taught to love those different from us, instead we go on through life only loving those who are similar to us, our unintentional intolerance remaining uncorrected. Growing up without that nurturing hand teaching us to live in a world that is far more diverse than it has ever been, leaves us as intolerant and uneducated adults, whether it is, or is not, by our own doing. In American society, time and time again, the failure to practice what is preached in our so-called values has been our only success. From the segregation of African-Americans to the oppression of Women, and now the fearful and sometimes violent discrimination against LGBTQ oriented individuals is the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s most recent atrocity. By standardizing the image of what love and the human identity is to a typical heterosexual individual, society is limiting the diversity of the nation and degrading the lives of so many valuable people. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more is the fact that this intolerance that is permeating all levels of society is almost centralized in the most significant aspect of any society: its schools. Schools everywhere are ignoring the high concentration of LGBTQ discrimination by their students and even faculty. It is extremely hard to believe that this kind of behavior is tolerated in schools, not to mention the fact of its being taught in churches all across the nation. WithShow MoreRelatedThe Segregation Of African American Community1720 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespassing since the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans in Southern States were still faced with the most distinct forms of racism. The so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Jim CrowÃ¢â¬ laws that were present in United States at the time, served to segregate blacks and whites from all aspects of public life, including schools, public transport and juries. Often faced with extreme right-wing terrorist groups such as the white supremacist Klu Klux Klan, many among the African American community chose to live in a society ofRead MoreAfrican Americans And Segregation And Inequality1855 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThere were African Americans thought they should go about living in society and dealing with segregation and inequality in the twentieth century. Two African American men both voiced their very different ideas about how the former slaves needed to react to gain equality and how they might go about abolishing the segregation laws in the early twentieth century. W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington were those two men with different views on how to deal with those issues. African Americans, at the timeRead MoreThe Segregation And Subjugation Of African Americans1348 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Political inequality has been an obstacle that many minority groups have encountered throughout history. The segregation and subjugation of African Americans in the United States during the 1900s was indif ferent. Although innumerable people were opposed to the unfamiliar ideals of anti-segregation activists, George Edwin Taylor went against the standards of society, and explored new civil morals. Through his endeavors, he was able to encourage people to divert from their accepted beliefsRead MoreAfrican-American Segregation and Isolation2443 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAfrican-American Segregation and Isolation Introduction From 1865 to the present, white Americans exploited the Black population, whom they regarded as inferior in every aspect of life in order to justify slavery and discrimination. For about a century, the Blacks have struggled hard to end segregation, discrimination, isolation to which they have been subjected in order to attain equality with the whites and enjoy civil rights. Analysis Thirteenth Amendment, Convict Leasing When GeorgiaRead MoreRacial Segregation And African Americans999 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAt a time when African Americans were faced with laws plainly stating that the Black race was inferior to Whites and when Slavery had been transformed into Jim Crow and the convict leasing system, the African American struggle was at its worst. After States had formed Black Codes in order to limit African American rights and wages, Jim Crow laws were introduced to further racial segregation. An African American during the Jim Crow era could be incarcerated for an act as simple as vagrancy and placedRead MoreRacial Segregation And African Americans2509 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesdifferently, and the African Americans did not enjoy the same freedoms as the whites. The African Americans never had a chance to speak their mind, voice their opinions, or enjoy the same luxuries that the white people attained. Through various actions/efforts like the lunch counter sit-ins, freedom rides, and bus boycotts, the black people confronted segregation face on and worked to achieve equality and freedom. Segregation played a major role throughout the lives of the African Americans. They were viewedRead MoreSlavery And Segregation Of African Americans969 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThis Article, released on July 22, 2009, was in regards to an apology made by the U.S. Senate on June 18, 2009 for the slavery and segregation of blacks prior, during and after the Civil War. According to the response of members representing Project 21, a public relations network for African Americans, this apology will be used as a defensive tactic towards acquiring reparations for the suffering of their ancestors. Members of the black leadership network are quoted as saying, Ã¢â¬Å"The apology will doRead MoreSegregation And Effects On African American Communities1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAndrew Garcia Dr. Markel 23rd July 2015 Phil 483 Segregation and Effects on African-American Communities I suppose the majority of society would have the illusion that segregation in the United States died with the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and Brown v Board of Education of Topeka in 1954. What most fail to realize is the profound, and devastating effect segregation continues to have on minorities, particularly the African American communities. Throughout the relative young history of the UnitedRead MoreThe Segregation Of African American Culture835 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI feel for the most part the characteristics in this united or consistent with my experience in the African American culture. Slavery did set us back some years, but I have to say it has made us stronger. Most of us had to face great obstacles to get in a good place, but no matter what we keep making it through the adversity. After slavery, we as a culture had to make it through the jim crow laws. This sparked the civil right movement that gave blacks a voice to speak out against the injustice thatRead MoreRacial Segreg ation And Discrimination Of African Americans1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmassively discriminated solely based on physical composition that often on the contrary to the White Anglo American physical composition. Although great strides have been made to enact laws that contest racial discrimination, there has been little progress for the discriminating factor immigrant. Events like the 1960 s which focused to end the racial segregation and discrimination of African Americans and enacted a legal precedence affirming legal protection of the each and every citizen regardless of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Serena Guidolin Ms. Cherubini ENG 3U 27 April 2015 Sibling Rivalry And The Relationship Of Brothers The instinct for justice to be served and the idea of revenge to be sought has existed upon us to be a natural part of human nature for many years. Hamlet by William Shakespeare and DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s 1994 film Ã¢â¬Å"The Lion KingÃ¢â¬ directed by Roger Allers share many parallels between the relationship of brothers, resulting for the seek of revenge and restored order to compare. Green with envy, Scar and Claudius result to murder to achieve victory in gaining power over the thrown. The comparison between Claudius and Cain are evident to portray revenge upon their brothers and later to be exiled With both king deaths, Mufasa and King Hamlet bring meaning and actions to lend hand in the motive to their sons to restore what is right. Green with envy, Scar and Claudius result to murder to achieve victory in gaining power over the thrown. Scar, from the beginning of the film, clearly shows distaste and envy of his older brother; his fi rst lines towards a rodent he has caught for lunch are Ã¢â¬Å"LifeÃ¢â¬â¢s not fair is it? You see I-well, IÃ¢â¬ ¦shall never be King. And youÃ¢â¬ ¦shall never see light of another dayÃ¢â¬ (Minkoff Allers, 1994). ScarÃ¢â¬â¢s opening lines are a deep foreshadowing of the upcoming plot and the reason why he decides to murder his own brother. Scar later in the film murders his brother, Mufasa by throwing him over the edge and falling into a pack of wild beasts. Claudius, in Hamlet, keepsShow MoreRelatedAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Being A Sibling1022 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin a family I can say being a sibling of older brother has it advantages but also has its many disadvantages. Sibling rivalry is about having brothers and sisters and having a constant competition with them. With constant competition it could cause family tension but it creates the solid foundation for great relationships and both sides of the rivalry continue to better themselves through continuous frien dly competition Overall sibling rivalry is healthy relationship it may cause disputes and disagreementsRead MoreSibling Rivalry And Love Is A Kind Of Animosity Between Two Brothers1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages09/27/15 Rivalry and Love Sibling rivalry and love is a kind of animosity between two brothers. It generally starts when two brothers spend more time with each other during their childhood than with their parents. A sibling relationship is often influenced and made complex by factors such as personality, birth order and parental treatment. In adulthood, brothers find their relationship with each other in clashes over unresolved childhood issuesRead MoreSibling Rivalry And Love Is A Kind Of Animosity Among Two Brothers1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Sibling rivalry and love is a kind of animosity among two brothers. It generally starts when two brothers spend more time with each other during their childhood than their parents.Sibling relationship is often influenced and complex by facts such as personality,birth order and parents treatment. In adulthood brothers find their relationship with each other in clashed by unresolved childhood such as guilt, financial success and self esteem. In Ã¢â¬Å" the richest brotherRead MoreSibling Rivalry, Sibling Jealousy, Age And Birth Order, And Adult Sibling Communication Essay1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction The relationships we have among siblings are unique because they are some of the few close relationships that people maintain throughout their entire life. I would best define sibling communication as the way in which siblings interact and communicate with one another. The term Ã¢â¬Å"sibling connectionÃ¢â¬ refers to the interactions (actions, verbal and nonverbal communication) of two (or more) individuals who share common parents, as well as their knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, beliefsRead MoreSibling Rivalry1172 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSibling rivalry and behaviors Perhaps, almost parents want their children to live in harmony and get along well with each others. However, sibling rivalry, or competitive feelings and actions occurring among the children, seems to be something unavoidable in family life. Many people says that sibling rivalry is harmful and has a lot of cons while a number of people believe that it has positive impacts on childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s development and social relationships. Actually, sibling rivalry has both advantagesRead MoreThe Significance of Sibling Rivalry in Steinbecks East of Eden1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages East of Eden The struggle of sibling rivalry over ability and temperament has taken East of Eden in a whole new perspective. SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s portrait on sibling rivalry shows the good vs. evil of each character in the story. The nature of good vs. evil as natural selection is also seen in siblings, as a compete for something physical, mental, or something emotional. The sibling rivalry from the biblical characters embraced SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s characters throughout everyRead MoreSibling Rivalry in as You Like It1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSibling Rivalry: Sibling rivalryÃ is a type ofÃ competitionÃ or animosity among children, blood-related or not. The sibling bond is often complicated and is influenced by factors such as parental treatment,Ã birth order, personality, and people and experiences outside the family.Ã According to aÃ child psychologist sibling rivalry is particularly intense when children are very close in age and of the same gender, or where one child isÃ intellectually gifted. In history and literature, there have been greatRead MoreSibling Rivalry May Refer To The Kind Of Competition, Rivalry1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSibling rivalry may refer to the kind of competition, rivalry or rifts that occur amid brothers and sisters. It has increasingly proven to be an issue to closely all parents who have more than one child. Whereas some scholars argue that the rivalry begin immediately after a second child gets born, others hold that it may as well begin before this, continuing as the children grow, having to contest for every property like the toys they play with and even attention from their parents and friends (VollingRead MoreSibling Rivalry within the Family686 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageswith our siblings and having a sharing session with all of the family members while watching the television. And nothing feels better than to have a harmonious family without dealing with a family quarrel. But the fact is, not every family felt this. Sometimes parents are too b usy and do not have a time for their partner and affected to a fight, or maybe an older child feels uncomfortable whenever they saw their parents holding their younger brother or sister and affected a sibling rivalry. At theRead MoreSibling Rivalry At My Home1023 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesParents cannot stop all sibling rivalry, but they can help and talk about fighting each other is not the right thing to do no matter what the situation is. This kind of rivalry hardly describes the situation we call sibling rivalry. It is not ongoing saga of two siblings each trying to be better than the other . They are not not playing fairly by any predetermination rules, and they don t respect each other. They are angry, jealous, and vengeful, and use underhanded tactics torment each other and
When people think of Hollywood, they think of it being very glamorous. In reality, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not all lights, camera, or action with celebrities in every corner instead having homeless and drug addicts in every corner. Drug abuse has become a bigger epidemic overtime. Many individuals have been exposed to drugs early on which has lead to their addiction. Falling into the habit of drugs does not lead down a good path when all a person desires are substances to make them feel delirious. The concept of drugs being bad has been tossed around and questioned because of itÃ¢â¬â¢s positive effects towards those who are ill. Drugs can be beneficial to those who depend on improving their health but should be monitored in order to prevent addiction whichÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Working in Hollywood Cristina observes and shares, Ã¢â¬Å"Working on Hollywood Boulevard, I am exposed to the smell of marijuana in the airÃ¢â¬ (Ramirez). Drug addiction begins with exposure. Not to say every one exposed will become addicted, but many decide to look for drugs knowing it is easy to access. The source of drugs in Hollywood is in the air with many who are careless enough to distribute, smoke or do any other drugs out in public. For instance, having a school so close to Hollywood Blvd. is a danger to youth. As a long time employee on Hollywood Blvd Mercedes states, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s very sad to see young people today come a block away from school to Hollywood Blvd. to find drugs instead of maybe hang out at the mall with their friendsÃ¢â¬ (Garcia) Teens look for drugs to escape reality, the many things they tend to face as teenagers. Many adolescents face stress, work overload, occasionally jobs, and a lot of responsibility at such a young age since they are on the road to becoming adults. Henry spoke of his drug addiction and said, Ã¢â¬Å"I looked for drugs because I thought it was the best thing out there. It made me think my actions were better and that drugs were all I needed to surviveÃ¢â¬ (Santos). As a former addict, Henry, recalls doing drugs excessively to avoid having to deal with any overwhelming pressure from school and from his family. Now he found guidance that will help himShow MoreRelatedEssay about The Effects of Hollywoods on Society847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHollywood is starting to become more and more harmful to society. Many people wonder why it is this way. Simple, Hollywood is a very high power in the world; that power leads to being influential. Individuals look up to celebrities as good role models, when in fact, they arent good ones at all. They arent themselves on the set of a movie or a TV show. They are playing a role that the producers have written up. Since the characters arent real, America gets the wrong impression of almost everythingRead MoreThe Drive Essay1125 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnot see at as a worthwhile political investment with limited resources as similar measures in the past have failed. There was als o a liking for how things were in west Hollywood as the county supervisor was friendly with the gay community and some didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to ruin the backdoor politics they had set up. The movement took off when Bob Craig, publisher of the gay life style magazine Ã¢â¬Å"FrontiersÃ¢â¬ , began pushing for incorporation in his magazine. He did this in part because he thought it could increaseRead MoreEssay about Hollywood Movies Compared to Other Countries Movies1280 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHollywood Movies Compared to Other Countries Movies Despite the fact that Hollywood films are popular all over the world, many believe that foreign films are better. CriticsÃ¢â¬â¢ dislike of Hollywood filmsÃ¢â¬â¢ is due to the straight-line plots of the films in which nothing is left unclear, unsettling or unexplained and every shot is justified by a link to strictest cause and effect. Hollywood films are often viewed as dulling the mind. In this country people generally view films for mere entertainmentRead MoreHollywood Is Like A Battle1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescompetition for roles in Hollywood is like a battle. Even with her roles beside many top tier actors and actresses, she believes that It s a struggle. You got to win roles. You really got to fight for them. When I left Asia and went to the U.S., essentially I was starting over. It s very hard...The first part of it is going into a room (for an audition) and trying to quell this stigma that people have about Asians only doing certain kinds of roles and Asians only being l ooked at a certain way,Read MoreAnalysis Of The Interesting Things About This Broadway Season Essay1017 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesaround black actresses. The list goes on. What can Hollywood, learn from Broadway because they are obviously having their own struggling with diversity at the moment? - [Reed Birney] So much. I mean, clearly [[00:00:30]] like what you just talked about in just the casting. But even beyond the diversity within the casting and the storytelling, I think storytelling in general. I think Hollywood is in a major drought right now, for actually capturing people s hearts and attentions and minds. [Alex Brightman]Read MoreThe Political Characteristics Of Hollywood, Hollywood And Anti-Americanism1378 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHollywood and Anti-Americanism Movies and celebrities are a very important part of our culture today, around the world Hollywood is known to be the leading industry in filmmaking along with Bollywood and Nollywood. However, letÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on the American movie industry Hollywood. Around the world Hollywood is used as an inspiration for other filmmaking industries. With this kind of creation of media, there are always going to be opinions of other nations in which many believe that Hollywood has createdRead MoreBuddhism in the Media939 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBuddhism in Hollywood Jaime Palomo World Religion RE 109 Nancy Almodovar May 1, 2016 Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re going to steal it?, No weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to give it back, we must give back more than we take.Ã¢â¬ This quote was taken from the movie Point Break. Buddhism ideas in Hollywood has been portrayed in countless movies, however, are these ideas that Hollywood portray are authentic? In this short essay I will give example on how accurate Hollywood is when dealing with Buddhist idea. Religious stereotypes canRead MoreTheme Of Good Vs Evil In Beowulf753 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe theme is good vs. evil. But in the movie Hollywood made, everything is different. Beowulf is not honest, women are sexually powerful, and the monsters are Hrothgar and BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s sons, etc. They added many things that were definitely now in the poem. If you read the poem, then watching the movie you would be confused. You would be asking so many questions. But the current audience thinks good vs. evil is boring. Nobody likes a liar and the Hollywood version of Beowulf makes him dishonest. In theRead MoreThief Of Bagdad Analysis1475 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinformation, I can see how someone as a director would want to glamorize a culture in order to make it more visually appealing to audiences despite it being culturally inaccurate. At the time, Asians were still very much underrepresented in film and many roles would be lost to Caucasian actors so as to resonate with American audiences. I think it is fair to argue that had this film been handled by someone who shared the culture, certain directions would have been taken so as to give the filmRead MoreDream Like Viola Davis Analysis953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesViola Davis has become the new face black women in Hollywood with strong female roles. Like a verse from Queen B song, no one can interrupt her grinder. Where from 1996 to now she has won over 30 awards and got married and became a loving and devoted mother and wife. Making it so that after every year scene her 1996 Day Brew, she has gotten one to two awards ever year. Where teal what black woman except for the original like Whoopee, Opera when she goes on screen done that. Showing this woman leaves
Question: Discuss about the Strategic Plan for Non Governmental Organization. Answer: Introduction This report describes the strategic plan for an organization which is focused on child rights and welfare of children. People basically live in a world having no boundaries. There are some responsibilities of every person towards the society and community. There are some issues in the society of every country. Those are issues of class and ethnicity, inequality, geography and many other issues. In all the issues, there is one more issue i.e. children rights. Child and their right protection must be a priority for the society. This report provides the strategic plan for a new nongovernmental organization which is working in the United Arab Emirates. The report proposes the concept of new organization which will protect the rights of children in the society (Courtney, 2002). Children are basically experience neglect, violence, abuse, and exploitation in most of the areas in the society. There are millions of children who are affected and even more are at risk. So, child and their rights protection must be the key priority for the society and its people. The proposed organization will work as the child protector in the community of Dubai. The organization will focus in the partnership with the other organizations and government, child-led initiatives, and people to stop the violence against children. It is important for the children to protect them from abuse, neglect, violence and exploitation so that they can enjoy their rights to development, participants and survival in the society. There are many children who drop out of school due to safety and protection issues. Failure in protecting children rights has negative impact on the children that continue in their adult life. It is essential to save their rights for making them future citizens of the coun try. The name of nongovernmental organization will be Smile Foundation which will spread happiness on the faces of children (Ritchie Weinberg, 2000). Situation faced by organization It is stated that the organization is going to start work in the United Arab Emirates. Before starting, it is important t for the organization to analyze the problems related to the children in the country. The children face discrimination in the country. Non-citizen children in the country have limited access to the basic rights. There is the issue of education and child trafficking and force labor is the main and big issue in the country. Children are used to be kidnapped and sold at the age of 4 or 5 years. Further, there is the issue of child abuse. Child marriage is still widespread in the UAE. According to one report of UNICEF, it is estimated that around 55% of women younger than 20 years are already married in the country. So, the priority areas for organization are: Physical and humiliating punishment, Children and work, Children protection in emergencies, and Children without appropriate care (UNICEF, 2014). Each and Every child deserves a life without neglect, violence, abuse and exploitation. This can be happen when a child grows up in the safe family. Abuse and valance are the serious issues that occur in all parts of the world. Violence against children includes unsafe migration, child trafficking, child abusive images, and climate related disasters. So, the organization will define the appropriate strategies to save the rights of the children. These are the issues by which the organization has to deal in the country (Lewis, 2007). Publics and target people The organization wants to reach out as many helpless children and orphans as much as possible. The organization will mainly focus on the rights and well-being of the children in the United Arab Emirates. The children who have the age of zero to 18 will be targeted by the organization. In the country, most of the children have age of 12 and above of this age, children are to be considered as young people rather than children. So, organization will focus on the rights and well-being of children and young people. Along with this, the member of the organization will work with young people over 18 as they need particular care such as children having disabilities. The organization will advocate for more integrated child and youth policies to make sure for smooth move into maturity (Andreasen Kotler, 2003). Goals and objectives Organization understands the right of education for children. Organization believes in the education for the full development of the children in terms of personality, talent, sense of dignity and capacity. For this, the organization will promote education inclusive education to minimize the discrimination and allow each boy and girl to get basic education. This education will be child-centered and will be based on motivation, characteristics, dream, experience and realities of children. This goal has further three objectives: Right to education- The aim is creating important and necessary conditions to provide basic education to all the children in the country without any kind of differentiation by the organization. Right in education- The aim of organization is to implement the relevant, important and creative learning and teaching process which will be student centered to help the children in developing their talent, personality and capacities for the future. Right through education- Organization has aim to promote critical, inclusive and participatory education to the children in Dubai which will respect to human rights and will teach to engage with the society. As the organization is working for the children, the goal of the organization is to protect them from any violation. Organization understands the right to protection so; organization will try to provide healthy environment to the children that will be free of any kind of discrimination, exploitation, and degrading punishment. Further objectives under this goal are: Promote the family and society environment for children which will be free of violence, negligence, abuse and mistreatment, Reduction of child labor and abolition which are the cause of child exploitation by increasing the number of children for the education system, and Protection of children in the country from the natural disasters by providing them community residences and resilience (Muturia Oeba, 2012). There is the need of good governance which will involve active and efficient participation of children. There is the requirement of the process which will provide the effective governance to the children in the country to promote their rights. The objectives under this are: Organization will fulfill its duties by establishing the effective structure, laws and policies which will focus on child rights. For this, organization will work with the local government to develop the child right strategies, The aim is to ensure effective role of community and civil society to build and monitor the strategies to promote and defend the child rights, and Children are right holder for organization will participate actively in the society to express their ideas and viewpoints, and will claim their rights related to them. Actions and strategies After setting the goals and objectives, it is the time to implement the strategies and actions to save the child rights. First goal of the organization is to provide education to the children. To achieve this goal: Organization will identify the main cause for children who are not getting the opportunities of the education system i.e. health, family, community or poverty etc. Organization will provide safe, healthy and proactive educational environment to the children, and Will cooperate and partnership with the various schools in UAE. For achieving second goal i.e. protection, the strategies of organization will: Promoting birth registration system and fighting against the negligence for the survival of the children, Fighting against the worst form of child labor, and Developing and implementing the disaster risk-management plan to fulfill the specific needs of children (Kameri-Mbote, 2008). For achieving third goal i.e. governance, the strategies and actions will be: Supporting the designs of all local and national strategies which have the agenda of child development, Collaborating with teachers, parents and society as the active agent to change their attitude towards children rights and Supporting the effective participation of children in decision making with the places and communities (Bennett Sargeant, 2005). The aim of the Smile Foundation is that the child rights for every child must be protected. The organization will strengthen the community based child protection system and will work with the other partners i.e. government and other social actors in community. The slogan for the organization will match its aim. The slogan will be Rights for children, Rights for future. Mission and vision The mission of the organization will be to improve the lives of children by the better realization of their human rights in society. For this part, organization will work to ensure that children in Dubai freely enjoy their rights and live their life in which they will free from discrimination, their best interest will always be taken into account, and they will get opportunities to maximize and improve their development etc. The vision of the organization will be for all the children to understand their rights in Dubai. The aim of organization is to provide the experience to the children about their rights in every day of their lives. To create awareness among the community of the country regarding children rights and to provide effective education to the children, organization will use the various public relations tools in the strategic plans (Basil, 2011). Those public relations tools are: Online media will be used to create awareness about the child issues in the society. In present time, online and social media is the most effective tool to make the people aware about any issue. In the online media, social medial tools will be used by the organization. social media tools will include YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter which will be used to send the message regarding child issues and their protections. Social media will be effective to make the people creative and aware (Macedo Pinho, 2006). Direct mailing is the part of online media which will also be used by the organization. The messages and mails related to child education, child protection, care and child trafficking will be send so that the people in the society will know this face of human beings. This will be two ways communication method by which people will be able to share their viewpoints and thoughts for protecting the child rights (Liao, Foreman Sargeant, 2001). News and magazines Due to various newspapers and magazines organization will be able to show the real life of needed children and their conditions in the society. Organization can show this by pictures and images and ask the people for help the needed people. Although, this is the traditional method but it is considered as the most effective communication method. This method is expensive but still it will be used to show the issues of the child by various short films and news. This communication tool will be helpful for the organization to reach the people and make them aware for their bright society (Williamson, 2009). Conclusion Children are the important contribution of the society. By focusing on the child issues in Dubai, there is the need of effective nongovernmental organization in the country which will work for the child rights and protections. From the above analysis, it has observed that if the Smile Foundation will work properly with the proposed strategic plan then the society will be free from the serious child issues. The goals and objectives are the organizations are clear i.e. education, protection and governance. By these objectives, organization will be able to make the discrimination free environment for the children of the country. It is not only important to create strategic plan but also important to evaluate and monitor it time to time. The organization will monitor the plan by forming a review committee and the evaluation will be done on three times i.e. initial evaluation, mid-term evaluation and final evaluation for the effective strategic plan to protect the childs rights. References Andreasen, A.R. Kotler, P., (2003). Strategic Marketing for Non-profit Organizations. NJ: Prentice-Hall Basil, M., (2011). Marketing and social enterprises: implications for social marketing: Journal of Social Marketing. 5(4), pp.285 306 Bennett, R. Sargeant A., (2005). The non-profit marketing landscape: guest editors introduction to a special section: Journal of Business research. 58. 797-805. Courtney, R. (2002). Strategic Management for Voluntary and Non-profit Organisations. UK: Routledge Kameri-Mbote, P. (2008). Strategic planning and implementation of public involvement in environmental decision: Environmental Law Research Centre Working. Nairobi Lewis, D. (2007). The management of non-governmental development organizations. London: Routledge Publications Liao, M., Foreman, S. Sargeant, A., (2001). Market versus societal orientation in the non-profit context: International Journal of Non-profit and Voluntary Sector Marketing. 6(3). pp. 254268. Macedo, I.M. Pinho, J.C., (2006). The relationship between resource dependence and market orientation: The specific case of non profit organisations, European Journal of Marketing. 40(5/6). pp. 533553. Muturia, J. M. Oeba, L. K., (2012). Strategic planning, planning outcomes and organizational performance. University of Nairobi Ritchie, R.J.B. Weinberg C. B., (2000). A typology of nonprofit competition: Insights for social marketers. Social Marketing Quarterly. 6(3). 64-71. UNICEF, (2014). Ending Violence against children. Retrieved on 17th April 2017 from https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Ending_Violence_Against_Children_Six_strategies_for_action_EN_2_Sept_2014.pdf Williamson, D., (2009). Marketing Communications in Non-profit Organizations. Centre for Public and Non-profit Leadership. Georgetown University.
Question: Discuss about the Audit of Billabong International Limited. Answer: Background of Billabong International Limited and its recent developments This study had been conducted to prepare a report based by researching on the clients business named as Billabong International Limited (Billabongbiz.com 2017). La Trobe Partners is the audit firm that had been assigned to audit for Billabong International Limited for the first time. Billabong International Limited is a surf company that initially was a clothing retailer that used to produce accessories such as watches, skateboard, backpacks as well as snowboard products under the brand names. Billabong International Limited is a public limited company that operates in retail sector and listed in Australian Stock Exchange. Billabong International Limited offer major products such as apparel and sporting goods to the customers. Billabong International Limited has 5000 staff members working for them in and across the world. Their shares are listed in Australian Stock Exchange (William, Glover and Prawitt 2016). The products of Billabong International Limited are licensed and spread in more than 100 countries and available in around 10,000 doors in and across the world. Majority of revenue of Billabong International Limited is generated through wholly-owned operations in different countries. Billabong International Limited believes in promoting worldwide through relationship with high profile specialized athletes, events as well as junior athletes (Billabongbiz.com 2017). From the recent news articles that was published on 30th August 2017, it is understood that Billabong International Limited financial year revenues deals with continued operations down by 8.9% to $979.5 million (Editorial 2017). The company suffers loss that is attributable to members of continued $77.1 million versus loss of $23.7 million a year ago. Billabong International Limited expects that FY 18 will show further progress in Americas and Europe. They expect that combination of earnings will continue to be weighted towards Asia Pacific and retail in first half of 2018. Significant business and audit risks for Billabong International Limited Audit risk is the risk that the auditor of La Trobe Partners expresses to an inappropriate audit opinion when the financial statement of Billabong International Limited is materially misstated. In addition, audit risk is a purpose of the risks of material misstated figures and detection risk (William, Glover and Prawitt 2016). Therefore, audit risk is made of two main mechanisms such as risk of material misstatement and detection risk. Here, risk of material misstatement means the risk that arises when the financial statement of any company are misstated prior to audit. This includes two major mechanisms such as inherent risk and control risk (Billabongbiz.com 2017). There is five audit risk or business identified for the company Billabong International Limited that is mentioned below with proper justification: Inherent risk- One of the major risk faced by Billabong International Limited is the inherent risk that arises from the propensity of an declaration about a class of transactions, account balance or revelation to misstatement that could be material (Simnett, Carson and Vanstraelen 2016). Treatment of capital and revenue capital of Billabong International Limited is one of the risks that had been found from the financial statement. This risk takes place when it relates with the survival of property, plant and equipment when revenue expenditure has been capitalized rather than charged as an expense in the income statement. Upon recent trading, it was found that Billabong International Limited shares caught focus of OTC traders because the prices moved by $0.02 that touches $0.97 price point. Here, it is understood that financial statement of Billabong International Limited was misstated that need proper attention by the auditor of La Trobe Partners (Billabongbiz.com 2017). Control Risk- One of the major risk faced by Billabong International Limited is the control risk that arises from the misstatement because of an assertion about the transaction class, account balance or disclosure that could be material either individually or aggregated by the other misstatements that cannot be prevented or corrected so easily (Louwers, et al. 2015). Here, the problem is the valuation of inventory when there are significantly levels of aggregate inventory that cannot be properly managed by Billabong International Limited. Recently, Billabong International Limited received horrible news that profits had collapsed where the banks were looking threatening and the company has only two choices, either to sell assets or ask shareholders for more money. Billabong International Limited share prices are falling (Billabongbiz.com 2017). Detection risk- One of the major risk faced by Billabong International Limited is the detection risk where the risk takes place from the process that the auditor follows to reduce audit risk to an acceptably lower level (Knechel and Salterio 2016). Billabong International Limited does not have a global internal audit function but engages different professional firms to assess certain financial control environment as well as performing independent assessments of key project plans. In this case, detection risk can be reduced by the auditor by identifying the material misstated figures and presenting in the audit statement with proper measures as well. During the financial year 2016 and 2017, Billabong International Limited has continued to focus on areas that are identified by the professional firms as well as improve in the level of consistency of accounting practices as well as control over environments at the same time (Arens et al. 2016). Completeness of liabilities- Billabong International Limited faces risk from liabilities as their provisions have been incorrectly treated as contingent liabilities (William, Glover and Prawitt 2016). Asian markets modestly higher as risk aversion eases. Here, Billabong International Limited reports a new loss for the financial year 2017 because their underlying earnings missed its guidance range. The brand name (Billabong International Limited) shares remain unchanged (Eilifsen et al. 2013). Completeness of revenue- This risk is faced by Billabong International Limited where the entity being audited has considerable cash sales that was difficult to manage by the company (Billabongbiz.com 2017). Billabong International Limited restructured E-commerce overhaul after NetSuite. It is noted that Billabong International Limited had broken up the core components of its omni-channnel that in real handed the pieces to separate software providers after ditching its first attempt with NetSuite (Cohen and Simnett 2014). References Arens, A.A., Elder, R.J., Beasley, M.S. and Hogan, C.E., 2016.Auditing and assurance services. Pearson. Billabongbiz.com. 2017.Billabong Biz : Behind the Brand - Investors - Investors Home. [online] Available at: https://www.billabongbiz.com [Accessed 10 Sep. 2017]. Cohen, J.R. and Simnett, R., 2014. CSR and assurance services: A research agenda.Auditing: A Journal of Practice Theory,34(1), pp.59-74. Editorial, R. 2017.Stock Quote News - Stock Market Quotes, Online Stock Quotes, India. [online] IN. Available at: https://in.reuters.com/finance/stocks/BBG.AX/key-developments/article/3663501 [Accessed 10 Sep. 2017]. Eilifsen, A., Messier, W.F., Glover, S.M. and Prawitt, D.F., 2013.Auditing and assurance services. McGraw-Hill. Knechel, W.R. and Salterio, S.E., 2016.Auditing: Assurance and risk. Taylor Francis. Louwers, T.J., Ramsay, R.J., Sinason, D.H., Strawser, J.R. and Thibodeau, J.C., 2015.Auditing assurance services. McGraw-Hill Education. Simnett, R., Carson, E. and Vanstraelen, A., 2016. International Archival Auditing and Assurance Research: Trends, Methodological Issues, and Opportunities.Auditing: A Journal of Practice Theory,35(3), pp.1-32. William Jr, M., Glover, S. and Prawitt, D., 2016.Auditing and assurance services: A systematic approach. McGraw-Hill Education.
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Every successful person spares some time each day to learn something new and the best way to do this is to read a book. This habit should not be limited only to the school years but in every stage of life one should continue book reading. Remember, a book makes you a better thinker, teacher, leader and most importantly better human. You can say to others please help me write an essay but you canÃ¢â¬â¢t say please help me finish a book a day because you have to do it on your own. You have an entire year to finish a book but how good it would be if you could finish a book in a month or even in a day? Seems challenging? Yes it is but we can give you some general tips for speedy reading which will definitely help you finish a book in a day or two. Ã 1: Get Rid of Distraction While Reading When you start reading a book, you must get rid of distraction because this could be your worst enemy as you canÃ¢â¬â¢t concentrate. Distraction can be caused by anything like baseless sounds, children with toys, constant notifications on your Smartphone, your friends or even your pets. It simply means you need to find a location where nothing can distract you such as your bedroom, backyard of your house, a park where not too many people visit etc. Some useful speed reading tips are: Keep your books, highlighter, pens and notebook with you Think of having a reading partner with you Keep snacks and water with you and take when feel hungry Avoid listening loud music or your favorite songs as they could distract you DonÃ¢â¬â¢t get discouraged or slip from the current topic DonÃ¢â¬â¢t panic even if you are reading thrills or horror Ã 2: Listen to the White Noises to Stay Focused Do you know what white noise is? Well, it is a kind of noise which can be produced by mixing sounds from variety of frequencies. We normally hear a large number of sounds and sometimes we donÃ¢â¬â¢t even know what they are but when we get them together, we produce white noise and the same white noise can be a great reading help for you especially when you are trying to finish your book in a day.Ã While you are reading a book, you can use a headphone to listen to the white noises and you will be surprised to see how effective it could be to focus on reading. Some of the places where you can find best white noises are: YouTube Sound cloud MyNoise CalmSound Ã 3: DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Let Your Enthusiasm Blow Away When you have to spend too much of your time on a specific task, sometimes, you get mentally tired and your enthusiasm blows away which means you are a dead reader and of course, you would not like to do it. The most effective way to keep your enthusiastic level high is to take small breaks between two reading sessions. If the book that you are reading is interesting and attention grabbing, you will not lose your reading tempo or else you will soon get sick of it. Therefore, you should take small breaks such as having snacks, listening one of your favorite song or looking outside the window for few minutes. But you must not lose your track as you have to read a lot more than you have already done so you must be focused on your target. Ã 4: Give a Try to eBooks for Uninterrupted Reading A large number of people use Facebook, Instagram or other social networking sites in their Smartphone just to pass free time BUT if you wish to take maximum advantage of your time, you would rather read a book either in physical form, soft version or even online. If you are reading a book, you must take it with you wherever you go because you can read online or offline whenever you have free time. If you are traveling in a train, waiting for your bus, standing in a long queue outside the bank to pay your utility bills, you can always read your current book. Some of the best online book reading sites is: eBooks.ComÃ Ã Ã¢â¬â Here you can find thousands of fiction and nonfiction books in all popular subjects. GoodReads.comÃ Ã¢â¬â A huge collection of books from popular authors are available to read BookTopia.comÃ Ã¢â¬â Another great source to get access to thousands of eBooks, auditobook, DVDs and Magazines. Amazon Kindle Books Ã¢â¬âÃ You can also get access Amazon Kindle Books to get amazing reading experience. Ã 5: Try an Audiobook. If you are always moving and donÃ¢â¬â¢t have time to stop and read a book, you can use an auditobook as a great alternative to the physical books. The greatest advantage of using audiobooks is that you can do multitasking such as doing your office work, cleaning your room, cooking your lunch or even taking exercise while at the same time listening to an audiobook. Though, it might seem to be a little slower than traditional reading way because sometimes the narrator is slower, yet it could be a great way to do multiple tasks simultaneously.Ã This new way of gaining tons of information has left the traditional way of reading behind. In fact, you can finish even more books in less time. Some of the best places where you can find audiobooks are: AudioBooks.com Amazon.com Audible.com